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illness noun

ADJ. fatal, incurable, terminal | debilitating, life-threatening, major, serious, severe | minor | lingering, long, long-standing, long-term, prolonged | brief, short | final, last | acute, chronic | infectious | painful | depressive, mental, psychiatric, psychotic | psychosomatic | physical | respiratory | childhood

QUANT. bout, episode an acute episode of mental illness

VERB + ILLNESS have, suffer (from) Badly fed children suffer a lot of minor illnesses. people who suffer from mental illness | contract, develop, get He contracted a serious illness and died a month later. | diagnose | treat The drug is used to treat a wide range of illnesses. | cause illnesses caused by poverty | prevent a drug that may be helpful in preventing illnesses such as cancer | recover from | fight (off) The immune system enables the body to fight off illness. | feign She feigned illness so that she wouldn't have to go to school. | nurse sb through She nursed her father through his final illness.

ILLNESS + VERB affect sb The mystery illness affected hundreds of people in the city.

PREP. after ~ He's just returned to work after illness. | because of/due to/through ~ earnings lost due to illness | with ~ people with serious psychological illnesses | ~ among a high rate of illness among the workers | ~ associated with the illnesses associated with HIV infection | ~ in episodes of illness in children

PHRASES the onset of illness the sudden onset of illness in a parent | a smoking-/Aids-, etc. related illness the most common stress-related illnesses