grate verb

1 rub sth into small pieces

ADV. coarsely | finely Sprinkle the top of the dish with some finely grated cheese.

PHRASES freshly grated a teaspoon of freshly grated nutmeg

2 make a sharp unpleasant sound

ADV. harshly

PREP. against The steel of the helmet grated against the door. | on The grit beneath her soles grated harshly on the wooden deck.